The effects of global warming are seen and felt around the world. For example, the oceans are getting warmer, leading to coral bleaching and less phytoplankton. The oceans are also becoming more acidic. The poles are getting colder, and the tropics are getting hotter, leading to increased drought, flooding, and storms. These problems are also leading to the decline in many animal species.
Global warming is the gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. The temperature is based on how much heat the Earth absorbs from the sun. The heat causes more water to evaporate from the oceans, which releases more heat into the atmosphere.
Here are the effects of global warming
- Extreme Weather Event
The recent extreme weather events around the world have dramatically increased public awareness about global warming and climate change. The members of the general public have begun to realize that even though the weather may be sunny and clear today, the rise in fossil fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions may cause the weather to change dramatically.
As the Earth continues to warm from the burning of fossil fuels, scientists warn that the likelihood of extreme weather events is increasing. The name given to this phenomenon is “Global weirding.” Globally, there is more extreme weather, such as droughts, floods, and heatwaves. Scientists warn that the changing weather patterns may be causing ecosystem failures and may eventually lead to widespread extinctions. Overall, the planet is becoming more unstable as the climate changes.
- Ice Melting
As in previous warm seasons, there is a lot of ice on the surface of the arctic ocean at this time. This ice is caused by the glaciers that melt during the warmer seasons. Some scientists are very concerned about this because the ice is melting faster and faster with each passing year. While the ice is melting, the glaciers are shrinking, which causes global warming.
At the beginning of the 20th century, scientists hypothesized that human activity was causing global warming. In the 1970s, it was proven. The Arctic and Antarctic ice caps are melting, sea levels are rising, deserts are growing, and extreme weather is becoming more common.
- Ocean Acidification and Sea Level
Sea levels and ocean acidification are two very different issues, but they are both related to global warming. The two terms can be used interchangeably when discussing the effects of global warming. Sea levels are rising as a result of the warming of the oceans. The oceans are warming because the ocean water is absorbing the heat that is trapped in the atmosphere due to the increase of greenhouse gases.
Global climate change is the change in the overall climate of the Earth. This change is caused by a rise in the average temperature of the planet. A rise in average temperature is known as “global warming.” Global warming has been linked to an increase in sea level, which is believed to have risen eight inches since the late 19th century. Other global warming-related changes include changes in ocean salinity, lower pH levels, and increased oxygen in the atmosphere.
- Temperature Extremes And Increase In Average Temperatures
With the Earth’s average temperatures rising at unprecedented rates, we have been feeling the effects of global warming in many areas. In fact, the Climate Change 2007 report of the IPCC or Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that we will continue to feel the effects for many years to come. For example, the report predicts that temperatures will continue to rise in the next fifty years due to global warming.
According to a new study by the United Nations IPCC or Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the average global temperature could increase 4 degrees Celsius by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise at the current pace. Most of the temperature increase will occur in the next 80 years, the study predicts, as the Earth warms up from its current average of about 15 degrees Celsius.
More than 1000 scientists have recently issued a second warning to humanity about the devastating effects of global warming and climate change. The letter was written as a follow-up to a similar letter released in 1992. It states, “The situation has become more serious since 1992, with the number of greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere now higher than at any time in the last 650,000 years.” While the original letter was criticized for being too alarmist, the authors of the latest letter acknowledge that “there is widespread consensus that our planet is now approaching a tipping point.”